Kobi Michael

Kobi Michael

Editorial Advisory Panel

Professor Kobi Michael is a professor of conflict resolution and strategy at Ariel University and Senior Research Fellow at the Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies (JIIS). Until recently he served as the Deputy Director General of the Ministry of Strategic Affairs at the Office of the Prime Minister (Israel).

His scholarly focus is principally on the strategic decision-making process derived from the dialogue and interaction between the military and political echelons — strategic aspects of civil-military relations. Professor Michael has previously served as a senior advisor on the Israeli National Security Council and 23 years as a senior officer in IDF Intelligence. He was among the founders and the commanders of the Israeli-Palestinian security coordination apparatuses in the Gaza Strip and West Bank, following the "Oslo" Agreement.

He is a recipient of the Tshetshik Prize (2005) for the best research on Israeli National Security, 2006 Itzhak Sade Prize for military literature for a book in which he contributed three chapters and the Yariv Award (2002) for the best research on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Recently, he received the Israeli Political Science Association’s prize for the best book of the year (2008-9) Between Militarism and Statesmanship in Israel (Tel-Aviv University Press, 2008). His recent book, The Transformation of the World of War and Peace Support Operations was published by PSI in March 2009.

Dr. Michael has published and edited seven books and published more than 50 articles, monographs and book chapters regarding a variety of topics in his academic and professional expertise.

Publications

Authored books

1. Kobi Michael. בין צבאיות למדינאות בישראל – השפעת הצבא על תהליכי מעבר ממלחמה לשלום Between Militarism and Statesmanship in Israel: Military Influence on Peace Processes, Tel-Aviv University Press, Tel-Aviv, 2008 (269 pages).

2. Kobi Michael. היוזמה הערבית – הזדמנות היסטורית? רקע, משמעויות וכיווני פעולה אפשריים The Arab Peace Initiative – A Historic Opportunity? Background, Meanings, and Possible Avenues of Exploration. The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, Jerusalem, 2007 (107 pages).

3. Kobi Michael and Amnon Ramon (2004). A Fence around Jerusalem – The Construction of the Security Fence ("Separation Fence") Around Jerusalem – General Background and Implications for the City and its Metropolitan Area, Jerusalem: The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies (Hebrew and English 112 pages).

 

Chapters in collective volumes; Conference proceedings

1. Kobi Michael and Amiram Oren.הפיקוח האזרחי והממד הטריטוריאלי של הביטחון בישראל Civil Control and the Territorial Dimension of Security in Israel – A Critical Conceptual Framework, Floersheimer Studies, Jerusalem (forthcoming 2013).

2. Kobi Michael. “Limitations of Strategic Maneuver: The Israeli Case,” Infinity Journal, Issue No. 4, September 2011, pages 12-16.

3. Kobi Michael and Eyal Ben-Ari. “Contemporary Peace Support Operations: The Primacy of the Military and Internal Contradictions,” Armed Forces & Society, Vol. 37, No. 4, December 2011, pp. 657-679.

4. Kobi Michael. מדינאות צבאית או צבאיות מדינאית בישראל: מי למעשה קובע מהו איום קיומי ומדוע? "Militarily Statesmanship or Political Militarism – Who really Shapes the National Security Strategy in Israel?", The Public Sphere, Vol. 4, Tel-Aviv University, Winter 2010, pp. 110-130.

5. Kobi Michael.מלחמת לבנון השנייה בראי חולשת הפיקוח האזרחי והמנהיגות האסטרטגית-אינטלקטואלית “The Second Lebanon War in the Mirror of Weak Civilian Control and Strategic-Intellectual Leadership”, in POLITIKA issue 17, The Leonard Davis Institute for International Relations, Jerusalem, Winter 2008, pp. 131-154.

6. Kobi Michael. “The Israeli Defense Force as an Epistemic Authority - An Intellectual Challenge in the Reality of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict”. The Journal of Strategic Studies Vol. 30, No. 3, June 2007, pp. 421-446.

7. Kobi Michael. “Military Knowledge and Weak Civilian Control in the Reality of Low Intensity Conflict – The Israeli Case”. The Journal of Israel Studies, Vol. 12, No. 1, Spring 2007, pp. 28-52.

8. Kobi Michael. הידע הצבאי כעקרון מארגן של מרחב השיח והסיבה להיחלשות הפיקוח האזרחי במציאות של עימות נמוך עצימות “The Military Knowledge as the Organizing Element of the Discourse Space and A Cause for the Weakening of the Civil control in the Reality of Low Intensity Conflict”. Ma'arachot, Vol. 403-404, pp. 44-47, December 2005.

9. Kobi Michael. היה או לא היה? מדוע כשל מודל שיתוף הפעולה הביטחוני הישראלי-פלסטיני? Was it or not? Why has the Israeli-Palestinian Security Cooperation Model Failed? A Personal Retrospective View of a Hope without a Prospect - May 1994 – September 2000. Jerusalem: The Davis Institute Publications, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem 2003 (48 pages).


10. Kobi Michael. בין צבאיות למדינאות בישראל – השפעת הצבא על תהליכי מעבר ממלחמה לשלום Between Militarism and Statesmanship in Israel: Military Influence on Peace Processes, Tel-Aviv University Press, Tel-Aviv, 2008 (269 pages).

 

Editorship of collective volumes


1. Kobi Michael, David Kellen and Eyal Ben-Ari. The Transformations in the World of War and Peace Support Operations, Praeger Security International (PSI – Greenwood Publication Group USA) 2009 (218 pages).


2. Kobi Michael and Mohammad Dajani. “The Role of the International Community,” Palestine Israel Journal for Politics, Economics and Culture, Vol.13 No.4, MIDDLE EAST PUBLICATIONS, 2007 (128 pages). 


3. Kobi Michael and David Kellen. Stabilizing the Israeli-Palestinian Bi-level conflict Zone - Considerations for a Multinational Peace Support Operation (co-editing with David Kellen). The Truman Institute for the Advancement of Peace – the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 2007 (191 pages).


4. Sean Byrne, James Fergusson, Eyal Ben-Ari and Kobi Michael. Old Conflict, New Challenges – Peace-building in Israeli-Palestinian Relations. (co-editing with), Bison Paper 8, University of Manitoba Winnipeg Canada, January 2006 (110 pages).

 

Chapters in collective volumes - Conference proceedings, Festschrifte, etc. - consecutive numbers


1. Kobi Michael (2010). “The Geo-political Environment as A Strategic Barrier of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict”, in Barriers to Peace in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, edited by Yaacov Bar-Siman-Tov, The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, Jerusalem, pp. 340-362.

2. Kobi Michael (2010). “Military Knowledge and Weak Civilian Control in the Reality of Low Intensity Conflict – The Israeli Case”, in Militarism and Israeli Society, edited by Gabriel Sheffer and Oren Barak, Indiana Press University, pp. 42-66.

3. Kobi Michael and Eyal Ben-Ari (2009). "Wars and Peace Support Operations in the Contemporary World: Conceptual Clarifications and Suggestions," in Transformations in the World of Warfare and Peace Support Operations, edited by Kobi Michael, David Kellen and Eyal Ben-Ari, Praeger Security International (PSI), pp. 1-20.

4. "Kobi Michael (2009). ישראל – מדינאות צבאית או צבאיות פוליטית – צה"ל כסמכות  ידע בנוגע לסוגיות ביטחון לאומי Israel – Militaristic Statesmanship or Political Militarism – The IDF As An Epistemic Authority Regarding Central Issues of National Security:, in Ephraim Lavie (ed.), 40 Years of Occupation: The Effects on Israeli Society, The Tami Steinmetz Center for Peace Research, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, pp. 125-141.

5. Kobi Michael and David Kellen (2009). "Peacekeeping and Cultural Intelligence," in Transformations in the World of Warfare and Peace Support Operations, edited by Kobi Michael, David Kellen and Eyal Ben-Ari, Praeger Security International (PSI), pp. 260-287.

6. Yaacov Bar-Siman-Tov and Kobi Michael (2008). ירושלים כחסם בסכסוך הישראלי-פלסטיני" Jerusalem as A Barrier in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict," in Ora Ahimeir and Yaacov Bar-Siman-Tov (eds.), Forty Years in Jerusalem 1967-2007, The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, Jerusalem, pp. 459-470.

7. Kobi Michael (2008). כשהרשות מרכינה ראש בפני סמכות הידע "When the Authority Bends in front of the Source of Knowledge", in An Army that Has A State? New Approaches to Civil-Security Relations in Israel, edited by Gabi Shefer, Oren Barak, and Amiram Oren, Carmel Publication, Jerusalem, pp. 121-146.

8. Kobi Michael (2007). ישראל והיוזמה הערבית – בין סיכוי לבין סיכון “Israel and the Arab Initiative – Between Prospect and Risk,” in Kobi Michael (ed.),  The Arab Peace Initiative – A Historic Opportunity? Background, Meanings, and Possible Avenues of Exploration, The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, Jerusalem, pp. 97-103.

9. Kobi Michael (2007). “Doing the Right Thing the Right WAY; The Challenges of Military Mission Effectiveness in Peace Support Operations in a “War Amongst the People” Theater,” in Cees, M. Coops and Szvircsev Tibor Tresch (eds.) Cultural Challenges in Military Operations. NATO Defense College, Research Division, Rome, pp. 254-263.

10. Kobi Michael and David Kellen (2007). "International Intervention in the Israeli-Palestinian Bi-Level Conflict Zone: What Went Wrong and What Can be Done," in Kobi Michael and David Kellen (eds.), Stabilizing the Israeli-Palestinian Bi-level conflict Zone -  Considerations for a Multinational Peace Support Operation, The Truman Institute for the Advancement of Peace – the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, pp. 18-39.

11. Kobi Michael, Y. Bar Siman-Tov, E. Lavie and D. Bar-Tal (2007). “The Israeli-Palestinian Violent Confrontation: An Israeli Perspective,” in Yaacov Bar Siman-Tov (ed.), The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: From Conflict Resolution To Conflict Management, Palgrave-Macmillan, New York, pp. 69-100.

12. Kobi Michael (2007). “The Interaction between the Military Echelon and the Political Echelon in the Management of the Israeli-Palestinian Confrontation,” in Yaacov Bar Siman-Tov (ed.), The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: From Conflict Resolution To Conflict Management, Palgrave-Macmillan, New York, pp. 101-132.

13. Yaacov Bar-Siman-Tov and Kobi Michael (2007). “The Israeli Disengagement Plan as a Conflict Management Strategy,” in Yaacov Bar Siman-Tov ed., The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: From Conflict Resolution To Conflict Management, Palgrave-Macmillan, New York: 2007, pp. 261-282.

14. Kobi Michael (2007). משטר מיוחד באגן ההיסטורי – הממד הביטחוני – מודלים אפשריים “Special Regime in the Historic Basin – The Security Dimension: Possible Models”, in Amnon Ramon (ed.), The Historic Basin – Problems and Possible Solutions, Jerusalem, The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2007, pp. 160-169.

15. Kobi Michael and Eyal Ben-Ari (2006). “International Involvement in the Israeli-Palestinian Arena: From an International Force to a Mechanism for Regional Stabilization” (co-author: Eyal Ben-Ari), in Sean Byrne, James Fergusson, Eyal Ben-Ari and Kobi Michael (eds.), Old Conflict, New Challenges – Peace-building in Israeli-Palestinian Relations, Editor, Bison Paper 8, University of Manitoba Winnipeg Canada, pp. 45-64.

16. Kobi Michael (2005). יחסי דרג מדיני-דרג צבאי – בין תיאוריה לפרקטיקה “Civil-Military Relations – Between Theory and Practice”, in Pinchas Yehezkely (ed.), Reciprocation between The Civil-Political and the Military Echelons. The Broadcast University Library, National Security Series, The National Defense College, The Ministry of Defense Publication, pp. 51-63.

17. Kobi Michael (2005). יחסי דרג מדיני-דרג צבאי – המקרה הישראלי “Civil-Military Relations – The Israeli Case”, in Pinchas Yehezkely (ed.), Reciprocation between The Civil-Political and the Military Echelons. The Broadcast University Library, National Security Series, The National Defense College, The Ministry of Defense Publication, pp. 64-74.

18. Kobi Michael (2005). יחסי דרג מדיני-דרג צבאי בניהול העימות הישראלי-פלסטיני “The Interaction between the Military the Political Echelons in the Management of the Israeli-Palestinian Confrontation,” in Yaacov Bar Siman-Tov (ed.), The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, From a Peace Process to Violent Confrontation 2000-2005. The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, Jerusalem, pp. 135-184.

19. Yaacov Bar-Siman-Tov and Kobi Michael (2005). תוכנית ההתנתקות הישראלית כאסטרטגיית ניהול סכסוך “The Israeli Disengagement Plan as a Conflict-Management Strategyת,” in Yaacov Bar Siman-Tov (ed.), The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, From a Peace Process to Violent Confrontation 2000-2005. The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, Jerusalem, pp. 346-374.

20. Yaacov Bar-Siman-Tov, Kobi Michael, Ephraim Lavie and Daniel Bar-Tal (2005). הסכסוך האלים הישראלי-פלסטיני – המעבר מיישוב סכסוך לניהול סכסוך “The Israeli-Palestinian Violent Conflict: The Transition from Conflict Resolution to Conflict Management,” in Yaacov Bar Siman-Tov (ed.), The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, From a Peace Process to Violent Confrontation 2000-2005. The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, Jerusalem, pp. 84-134.

21. Kobi Michael (2004).קץ ההבחנה הדטרמיניסטית – עידן הקונפליקט נמוך העצימות כאתגר פרדיגמתי ליחסי אזרחי-צבאי במדינה הדמוקרטית “The End of the Deterministic Distinction – The Era of Low Intensity Conflict as a Paradigmatic Challenge for Civil-Military Relations in the Democratic State”, in Hagai Golan and Shaul Shay (eds.), The Limited Conflict, Maa'rachot, Tel-Aviv, pp. 201-238.

 

Refereed articles


1. Kobi Michael and Joel Fishman. “Building the Positive Peace: The Urgent Need to Bring the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict Back to Basics,” JEWISH POLITICAL STUDIES REVIEW (JPSR), Fall 5773/2012 Volume 24 Numbers 3–4, pp. 6-29.

2. Kobi Michael and Amiram Oren.הפיקוח האזרחי והממד הטריטוריאלי של הביטחון בישראל Civil Control and the Territorial Dimension of Security in Israel – A Critical Conceptual Framework, Floersheimer Studies, Jerusalem (forthcoming 2013).

3. Kobi Michael. הפיקוח האזרחי במכלול יחסי צבא ומדינה – מהות הפיקוח האזרחי – תהליכים ועקרונות בפרספקטיבה השוואתית Civil Control in the Complex of Military Society and Politics – The Essence of Civil Control – Processes and Principles in Comparative Perspective, in Reuven Pedatzur (ed.), National Security – Critical Overview, S.Daniel Abraham Center for Strategic Studies, Netanya Academic College, November 2012, pp. 8-19..

4. Kobi Michael. “Limitations of Strategic Maneuver: The Israeli Case,” Infinity Journal, Issue No. 4, September 2011, pages 12-16.

3. Yagil Levy and Kobi Michael. “Conceptualizing Extra-Institutional Control; of the Military: Israel As a Case Study.”, Res Militaris an on-line social science journal, vol. 1, n° 2, Winter- Spring - Hiver-Printemps 2011.

5. Kobi Michael and Eyal Ben-Ari. “Contemporary Peace Support Operations: The Primacy of the Military and Internal Contradictions,” Armed Forces & Society, Vol. 37, No. 4, December 2011, pp. 657-679.

6. Yagil Levy, Kobi Michael and Asaf Shapira. הפיקוח החוץ מוסדי על צה"ל –  מסגרת מושגית "Extra-institutional Control on the IDF – Conceptual Framework," The Public Sphere, Vol. 4, Tel-Aviv University, Winter 2010, pp. 45-74.

7. Kobi Michael. מדינאות צבאית או צבאיות מדינאית בישראל: מי למעשה קובע מהו איום קיומי ומדוע? "Militarily Statesmanship or Political Militarism – Who really Shapes the National Security Strategy in Israel?", The Public Sphere, Vol. 4, Tel-Aviv University, Winter 2010, pp. 110-130.

8. Kobi Michael. "Who Really Dictates What an Existential Threat Is", the Journal of Strategic Studies, Vol. 32, Issue 5, October 2009, pp. 687–713.

9. Kobi Michael.מלחמת לבנון השנייה בראי חולשת הפיקוח האזרחי והמנהיגות האסטרטגית-אינטלקטואלית “The Second Lebanon War in the Mirror of Weak Civilian Control and Strategic-Intellectual Leadership”, in POLITIKA issue 17, The Leonard Davis Institute for International Relations, Jerusalem, Winter 2008, pp. 131-154.

10. Kobi Michael. “The Dilemma behind the Classical Dilemma of Civil-Military Relations - The “Discourse Space” Model and the Israeli Case during the Oslo Process”, Armed Forces & Society, Vol. 33, No. 4, July 2007, pp. 518-546.

11. Kobi Michael. “The Israeli Defense Force as an Epistemic Authority - An Intellectual Challenge in the Reality of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict”. The Journal of Strategic Studies Vol. 30, No. 3, June 2007, pp. 421-446.

12. Kobi Michael and David Kellen. Israeli-Palestinian Bi-level Conflict Zone and Its Implications for International Intervention: What Went Wrong and What Can be Done? The Pearson Papers - Measures of Effectiveness: Peace Operations and Beyond, Vol. 10, Issue 1, May 2007, pp. 60-90.

13. Kobi Michael. “Military Knowledge and Weak Civilian Control in the Reality of Low Intensity Conflict – The Israeli Case”. The Journal of Israel Studies, Vol. 12, No. 1, Spring 2007, pp. 28-52.

14. Kobi Michael. “From Crisis to Opportunity: Rethinking International Involvement in a Turbulent Reality”, Palestine Israel Journal for Politics, Economics and Culture, Vol.14 No.2, MIDDLE EAST PUBLICATIONS, 2007, pp. 31-37.

15. Kobi Michael. הידע הצבאי כעקרון מארגן של מרחב השיח והסיבה להיחלשות הפיקוח האזרחי במציאות של עימות נמוך עצימות “The Military Knowledge as the Organizing Element of the Discourse Space and A Cause for the Weakening of the Civil control in the Reality of Low Intensity Conflict”. Ma'arachot, Vol. 403-404, pp. 44-47, December 2005.

16. Kobi Michael. Israeli-Palestinian Joint Patrols in Gaza, 1994-96: A Forgone Failure? Jerusalem: The Harry. S. Truman Research Institute for the Advancement of Peace, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, A Gitelson Publication Series, 29, August 2004 (40 pages).

17. Kobi Michael. היה או לא היה? מדוע כשל מודל שיתוף הפעולה הביטחוני הישראלי-פלסטיני? Was it or not? Why has the Israeli-Palestinian Security Cooperation Model Failed? A Personal Retrospective View of a Hope without a Prospect - May 1994 – September 2000. Jerusalem: The Davis Institute Publications, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem 2003 (48 pages).

18. Kobi Michael (2003).  מעורבות בינלאומית בירושלים – מסגרת מושגית ומשמעויותInternational Involvement in Jerusalem – Conceptual Background and Implications. The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2003 (46 pages).

19. Moshe Hirsh and Kobi Michael (2003).  מעורבות בינלאומית באגן הקדוש בירושלים – ניתוח חלופות Analysis of International Involvement Alternatives for the Holy Basin in Jerusalem (co-author: Moshe Hirsh). The Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 2003 (62 pages).

20. Kobi Michael. הדגל הכתום שדהה – הטיות תפישתיות בסיורים המשותפים הישראלים-פלסטינים "The Orange Flag that has paled - Perceptual biases in the Israeli-Palestinians Joint Patrols", Ma’arachot, Vol. 386 Nov. 2002, pp. 31-40.